This course provides an introduction to the issue of philosophy of science, research design, both quantitative and qualitative methods of political science research and some simple applications of computer statistical software SPSS. At the end of the class, students are NOT expected to become experts on political science methodology. However, students are expected to understand research methods; and be able to design a research and run SPSS statistical software.
Attendance is mandatory for the class. We expect students to finish required readings for each class before class. Students are expected to be fully engaged in the class discussions. Your class participation grade will be based on your performance in class discussions. The main assignment for the class is a research design of high quality students need to finish by the end of the semester. Designing your research project should be a gradual work. First you need to choose a workable and specific research topic. This work should start with the very first class. The deadline for choosing a research topic is Oct. 18. After that, you should work on your research design for the rest of the semester. You should hand in your draft research design by Dec. 27, 2012. Your final research design is due on Jan. 10, 2013.
Week 1 (Sept. 13): Introduction to the class and beginning with research questions (陈慧荣)
Week 2 (Sept. 20): Descriptive statistics (陈慧荣)
Week 3 (Sept. 27): Inferential statistics (陈慧荣)
Week 4 (Oct. 11): Philosophy of science and development of political science (钟杨)
Week 5 (Oct. 18): Ethics in social science research, causality and theories (钟杨)
Week 6 (Oct. 25): Research design: what is research design and what it should look like? (魏英杰)
Week 7 (Nov. 1): A survey of methods in political science (魏英杰)
Week 8 (Nov. 8): Measurement, reliability and validity (刘帮成)
Week 9 (Nov. 15): Multiple regression, moderation and mediation analyses (刘帮成)
Week 10 (Nov. 22): Structure equation modeling (刘帮成)
Week 11 (Nov. 29): Qualitative research and the logic of comparative social inquiry (钟杨)
Week 12 (Dec. 6): Case study in political science (钟杨)
Week 13 (Dec. 13): Other qualitative methods in political science research (钟杨)
Week 14 (Dec. 20): Survey research (陈永国)
Week 15-16 (Dec. 27 and Jan. 3): SPSS applications (陈永国)
韦恩•C•布斯等， 《研究是一门艺术》，陈美霞、徐毕卿、许甘霖译，北京：新华出版社，2009。第33-68页 （英文原版：The Craft of Research, by Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, and Joseph M. Williams）
1. Peter K. Smith, “Philosophy of Science and Its Relevance for the Social Sciences,” in Down Burton, ed., Research Training for Social scientists(Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2000), pp. 5-20.
2. Nick Stevenson, “Questions of Hermeneutics: Beyond Empiricism and Post-Modernism,” in Down Burton, ed., Research Training for Social scientists, pp. 21-32.
3. Earl E. Babbie, The Practice of Social Research (2nd edition) (Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1979), Chapters 1-2, pp. 5-56.
1. Gerry Kent, “Ethical Principles,” in Down Burton, ed., Research Training for Social scientists, pp. 61-67.
2. Iain Crow, “The Power of Research,” in Down Burton, ed., Research Training for Social scientists, pp. 68-80.
3. Gerry Kent, “Informed Consent,” in Down Burton, ed., Research Training for Social scientists, pp. 81-87.
4. W. Phillips Shively, The Craft of Political Research, 3rd edition (Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: 1990), Chapter 2, pp. 13-30.
5. Earl E. Babbie, The Practice of Social Research(2nd edition) (Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1979), Chapter 16, pp. 423-443.
1. Przeworski, 1995, The Art of Writing Proposals
2. Gerring, General Advice on Social Science Writing
3. Babie, E. (2007): 86—148, The Practice of Social Research. Thomason Higher Education
4. Geddes, B. (2003):1—26, Paradigms and Sand Castles: Theory Building and Research Design in Comparative Politics. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.
5. Gary King, Robert O. Keohane and Sidney Verba, Designing Social Inquiry: Scientific Inference in Qualitative Research, Chapter 4, pp. 115-149.
6. Collier, David, and James Mahoney. 1996. "Insights and Pitfalls: Selection Bias in Qualitative Research." World Politics 49 (1).
1. Rose McDermott, 2002. “Experimental Method in Political Science” Annual Review of Political Science
2. Gerring, 2004. "What Is a Case Study and What Is It Good for?" The American Political Science Review 98 (2):341-54.
3. Lijphart, Arend. 1971. "Comparative Politics and the Comparative Method." The American Political Science Review 65 (3):682-93.
4. Mahoney, James. 2004. "Comparative-Historical Methodology." Annual Review of Sociology 30 (1):81-101.
5. ______. 2007. "Qualitative Methodology and Comparative Politics." Comparative Political Studies 40 (2):122-44.
1. Babbie, E. 2007. “Conceptualization, operationalization, and measurement,” in The practice of social research, Chapter 5.
2. Bagozzi, R. P., Yi, Y. & Phillips, L. W. 1991. “Assessing Construct Validity in Organizational Research,” Administrative Science Quarterly, 36: 421-458.
3. MacKenzie, S. B., Podsakoff, P. M., & Podsakoff, N. P. (2011). “Construct measurement and validation procedures in MIS and behavioral research: Integrating new and existing techniques,” MIS Quarterly, 35 (2): 293-334.
1. Cohen, J., Cohen, P., West, S.G., & Aiken, L.S. (2003). Multiple regression/correlation with two or more independent variables. In Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences (3rd). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers, Mahwah, NJ, Chapter 3.
2. 郭志刚. (1999). 多元线性回归. 社会统计分析方法. 北京:中国人民大学出版社, 第2章.
3. Baron, R. M. & Kenny, D.A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 51: 1173-1182.
1. Williams, L. J., et al. (2009). Structural equation modeling in management research: a guide for improved analysis. Academy of Management Annals 3(1): 543-604.
2. Hu, L.-t. & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling 6(1): 1-55.
3. Jarvis, C. B., et al. (2003). A critical review of construct indicators and measurement model misspecification in marketing and consumer research. Journal of Consumer Research 30: 199-218.
1. James Mahoney and Gary Goertz, “A Tale of Two Cultures: Contrasting Quantitative and Qualitative Research,” Political Analysis, Vol. 14 (2006), pp. 227-249.
2. Simon Holdaway, “Theory and Method in Qualitative Research,” in Down Burton, ed., Research Training for Social scientists, pp. 156-166.
3. Adam Przeworski and Henry Teune, The Logic of Comparative Social Inquiry (Malabar, FL: Robert E. Kreiger Publishing Company, 1970), Chapters 1-2, pp. 17-46.
1. Dawn Burton, “The Use of Case Studies in Social Science Research,” in Down Burton, ed., Research Training for Social scientists, pp. 215-225
2. John Gerring, “What Is a Case Study and What Is It Good for?” American Political Science Review, Vol. 98, No. 2 (2004), pp. 341-354.
3. Gary King, Robert O. Keohane and Sidney Verba, Designing Social Inquiry: Scientific Inference in Qualitative Research, Chapter 6, pp. 208-230.
1. Earl E. Babbie, The Practice of Social Research (2nd edition) (Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1979), Chapter 8 (on field research), pp. 205-232.
2. Earl E. Babbie, The Practice of Social Research (2nd edition) (Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1979), Chapter 9 (on content analysis), pp. 233-266.
3. Wanda Thomas Bernard, “Participatory Research as Emancipatory Method,” in Down Burton, ed., Research Training for Social scientists, pp. 167-185.
4. Caroline Oates, “The Use of Focus Groups in Social Science Research,” in Down Burton, ed., Research Training for Social scientists, pp. 186-195.
5. Ian S. Lustick, “History, Historiography, and Political Science: Multiple Historical Records and the Problem of Selection Bias,” American Political Science Review, Vol. 90, No. 3 (1996), pp. 605-618.